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Wednesday, July 22, 2020 | History

2 edition of role of fertilizer subsidies in agricultural production found in the catalog.

role of fertilizer subsidies in agricultural production

M. G. Quibria

role of fertilizer subsidies in agricultural production

a review of select issues

by M. G. Quibria

  • 393 Want to read
  • 11 Currently reading

Published by Asian Development Bank in Manila, Philippines .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Fertilizer subsidies.

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. 36-37.

    Statementby M.G. Quibria.
    SeriesAsian Development Bank economic staff paper ;, no. 38
    ContributionsAsian Development Bank.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsHD9483.A2 Q53 1987
    The Physical Object
    Pagination37 p. :
    Number of Pages37
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL1937303M
    LC Control Number90156032
    OCLC/WorldCa18298935

    Government subsidizes agricultural inputs in an attempt to keep farm costs low and pr oduc tion high. There are various subsidies available to farmers in terms of cheap input credit, seeds and fertilizers, subsidized electricity and irrigation etc. Agriculture subsidies always have some impact on various activities of agriculture. the potentially complementary, but often conflicting, roles played by the public and private sectors in the provision of seed, fertilizer, and extension services. Keywords: Agricultural development, agricultural extension, fertilizer, seed markets, cultivar improvement, Sub-Saharan Africa, Ethiopia.

    Studies suggest that input subsidies have had a wider impact on the economy through increased food crop production: this led to a reduction in consumer food prices, to the benefit of poor food consumers; and an increase in rural agricultural wages (Druilhe and Barreiro-Hurle ; Chirwa and Dorward ; Dorward and Chirwa ).Cited by: 9. Other agreements that have affected production and trade in agricultural products include o state trading, o sanitary and. o phytosanitary measures. Implications of subsidies for African.

    Sustainable agriculture is the efficient production of safe, high quality agricultural products, in a way that protects and improves the natural environment, the social and economic conditions of farmers, their employees and local communities, and safeguards the health andFile Size: 7MB. A Committee that examined the role of Food Corporation of India recommended that cash transfers should be made to farmers to replace the current fertilizer subsidy regime. [51] This would allow farmers to choose fertilizers in the combination best suited to their needs, and help them to fix the fertilizer imbalance in soil.


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Role of fertilizer subsidies in agricultural production by M. G. Quibria Download PDF EPUB FB2

Abstract. Agriculture has been constantly evolving since the initial agricultural revolution s years ago. This initial revolution was the result of domestication of plants and animals to serve man’s needs and led to the generation of food production in excess of the requirements of the agricultural Cited by: 1.

Role of fertilizer subsidies in agricultural production. Manila, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, International government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: M G Quibria; Asian Development Bank.

production due to fertilizer subsidy and without fertilizer subsidy the cost of production will increased about 20 percent in general (Department of Agriculture). Fertilizer and other input subsidies have been a prominent component of agricultural policies in many Asian and African countries since the : Stein Terje Holden.

Agricultural input subsidies Agricultural inputs We use agricultural inputs as a common term for a range of materials, which may be used to enhance agricultural productivity. Most important among these are fertilizers and improved seeds. All the programmes reviewed subsidise fertilizers, and most of them combine fertilizers with improved seedsFile Size: KB.

In a recent article in Food Policy, “Taking stock of Africa’s second-generation agricultural input subsidy programs,” Thomas Jayne, Nicole Mason, William J.

Burke, and Joshua Ariga evaluate the success of input subsidy programs (ISPs) in Africa. Jayne and his co-authors find that ISPs, government programs that subsidize the price of fertilizer for farmers, have short-term benefits for.

Inputs of agriculture and subsidies thereon Subsidies on inputs have their root in Green revolution. That time extensive subsidies were given on Hybrid seeds, Fertilizers, pesticides etc.

main aim of subsidies are two – one is to keep cost of the food grains at minimum and avoiding food inflation, second is to ensure income security of the farmer. THE ROLE OF THE FOODPROCESSING INDUSTRY and retailers have taken a key role in organizing the agricultural supply chain.

However, the weak role of the local private sector in many countries AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ZAMBIA: THE ROLE OF. The subsidy portion of fertilizers which ranges from 30% to 70% of the cost of the fertilizers is given to the companies, so as to make available fertilizers for the farmers at subsidized MRPs.

The requirement of fertilizers is projected by the state governments to the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation which in turn, coordinates with DoF for finalizing the requirement of fertilizers in the country. Contribution of the Fertiliser industry to the Indian economy: The fertiliser industry contributes about 20% to the Indian GDP.

Agricultural Development: The fertilizer sector by enhancing the agricultural productivity has in turn resulted in providing a major support to the farmers who are primarily dependent on agriculture.

Fertilizers have also played a pivotal role in India’s food security. Role of Indian Government in the Development of Organic Agriculture 33 | Page "organic agriculture" in his book, Looking to the Land, which he wrote in response to the industrialisation of : Archana K Archana K.

Inthe use efficiency of fertilizers for three major grain crops—rice, corn and wheat—was only %, while the use efficiency of pesticides was only % [ 8 ]. The excessive and inefficient use of agrochemicals increases production costs.

It also leads to Cited by: 1. Keywords: Fertilizer, Crop, arable, farmer, production, Akwa Ibom 1. Introduction Agricultural sector in Sub Saharan Africa has continued to be an essential instrument for sustainable development, rural poverty reduction and a reliable source of self food sufficiency for the region (World Bank, and Olwande et al., ).Cited by:   The book Agricultural and Rural Development in India Since traces developments in Indian agriculture and the transformation of rural India since its independence.

My overall impression of this book is that it is an excellent reference guide for readers with an interest in Indian : Ashok K. Mishra. Agriculture Minister Suswono said farmers will profit more without fertilizer subsidies. The minister is proposing for the fertilizer subsidy--given to SOE holding company, Pupuk Indonesia--to be stopped.

The money, he said, can be allocated for the construction of agricultural infrastructure such as irrigation facilities and Size: 2MB.

Policy Brief: Role of Fertiliser Subsidies in Input Market Development Introduction With the liberalization of agriculture markets in Africa, the private sector is increasingly free to engage in all the fertiliser procurement, marketing and distribution activities. Nevertheless, fertiliser is.

lack of knowledge. In low input/low output agricultural systems, fertilizer subsidies can play a role in raising fertilizer use and agricultural productivity. They can help demonstrate the benefits of fertilizers and/or kick-start market development by raising input demand at a large Size: KB.

Introduction. Agriculture's role in the process of economic growth has framed a central question in development economics for several decades (e.g., Johnston and Mellor,Schultz, ).While arguments differ regarding the specific mechanisms through which agricultural productivity increases might contribute to structural change in the economy, it has long been theorized that advances Cited by: Fertilizer subsidies come through the system of retention prices provided to the fertilizer producers (fertilizer factories).

These prices are calculated on the basis of economic costs to the factories, based on their investments, running costs, and a margin of profit (say 12%), and the government then decides on the subsidized prices at which the fertilizers are sold to the farmers.

Opinions about the role of fertilizer subsidies in spurring agricultural development in Sub-Saharan Africa have fluctuated significantly over the past five decades.

Many experts believe that fertilizer subsidies represent an essential method for achieving long term food security in Sub-Saharan Africa, while providing social support to Africa's poorest subsistence farmers.

Ammonia-based fertilizers are one of the most critical components of this “green revolution.” The production of these fertilizers was made possible by the Haber-Bosch process, developed in the early 20 th century to convert nitrogen and hydrogen to ammonia.

This process would not be possible without natural gas, which serves as both a supply of hydrogen that initiates the.

Large-scale nitrogen fertilizer production occurs in a limited number of countries around the world, owing partly to the fact that the Haber-Bosch process requires natural gas.Agricultural input subsidies were a major feature of agricultural development policies in rural economies from the s to s.

The theoretical case for agricultural subsidies is based on their promotion of agricultural productivity by making investment in new technologies more attractive to smallholder farmers. If market failures mean that farmers’ private input costs are higher than Author: Ephraim Chirwa.